Location and History
Inner Mongolia strides a large span of longitude, and can be divided into two climatic zones from east to west. The east part from the Hulunbuir grassland to the Hetao Plain at the foot of the Yin Mountains is known as a Steppe climate zone. The winter is as long as half year, with the entire region covered by snow and an average temperature below minus 28℃. Needless to say, this area is impossible for any viticulture. The west part form the Ala Shan Desert west of the Yin mountains to the Badain Jaran Desert is known as the desert climate zone, this area features windstorms, hot summers and cold winters. Vineyards are planted in the desert climate zone, and most are concentrated around the city of Wuhai.
Inner Mongolia has 200-year viticultural history. After the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, viticulture has been developing rapidly owing to the sand-controlling project.
The Wine Region of Wuhai
Wuhai (39°52’°N, 106°37’-107°05’°E) is located in the southwest of Inner Mongolia, along the Yellow River between the Gobi and Ordos deserts, with Yinchuan Plain lying to the south, covering a total area of 2350 square km.
Wuhai has a semi-arid contiental climate, with hot summers and cold winters, featuring huge diurnal ranges, and a relatively long frost-free period. Now the total vineyard area of Wuhai is around 1333.3 ha, with main varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Gernischet，Rkatsiteli, Zinfandel and Riesling.